Team History

In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.

Red Sox Legend - Nomar Garciaparra

Years with Boston: 1996-2004
Position: Shortstop

Fun Fact: On his 29th birthday in 2002, Garciaparra stroked three home runs in two consecutive innings against Tampa Bay, the only player in major league history to accomplish said feat. He also tied a record with five home runs in consecutive games. ...more on Nomar Garciaparra.

Other Red Sox legends: Pedro Martinez, Roger Clemens, Tris Speaker

This Week in Red Sox History

24 April 2009 - Boston left fielder Jason Bay ties the game with a two-out, two-run ninth inning home run off New York closer Mariano Rivera and first baseman Kevin Youkilis hits a solo shot in the eleventh to give the Red Sox a 5-4 win over the Yankees at Fenway Park in the first meeting of the season between the rival clubs.

24 April 2011 - The Red Sox sweep a four-game series against the Angels in Anaheim for the first time in 31 years with a 7-0 win.

24 April 2014 - David Ortiz sets a new high water mark for designated hitters with his career 1644th appearance as a DH. Unfortunately, the Red Sox defense commits five errors, the most in a single game since 2001, while Boston pitchers combine for 12 walks, three wild pitches, and a passed ball in a 14-5 loss to the Yankees at Fenway Park.

25 April 1945 - Despite having failed to get elected on six previous writers ballots, a committee created to select some old-time ballplayers select, among others, former Sox player-manager Jimmy Collins.

26 April 1912 - First baseman Hugh Bradley hits a pitch over Fenway Park's left field wall for Boston, the first player ever to hit a home run at the new ballpark. It was the second of two career round-trippers for Bradley.

26 April 1982 - Future Hall-of-Famer Wade Boggs collects his first major league hit in a 3-2 win for the Red Sox over the White Sox in Chicago.

27 April 1945 - With a 5-3 loss to the Athletics in Philadelphia, Boston sets a franchise record by losing the first eight games of the season.

27 April 1995 - Boston signs free agent Tim Wakefield after the pitcher's release from the Pittsburgh Pirates.

27 April 1997 - Catcher Bill Haselman ties a Red Sox record with four extra base hits, three doubles and a home run, and four other Boston players homer in a 13-7 win in Baltimore over the Orioles.

27 April 2002 - Derek Lowe pitches the first no-hitter at Fenway Park in 37 years, allowing just a leadoff walk in the third inning, as the Red Sox trounced the Devil Rays, 10-0.

28 April 1938 - Boston ends a 6-1 win over New York at Yankee Stadium with a triple play. The base runners off with the pitch, the batter lines out to first baseman Jimmie Foxx, who them throws to Joe Cronin at second base for the second out. Cronin then fires back to Foxx at first to complete the trifecta.

28 April 2009 - Boston's 11-game winning streak comes to an abrupt end in Cleveland as the Red Sox relinquish leads of 5-1, 7-3, and 8-7 in a 9-8 loss to the Indians. The streak included a stretch of nine games at Fenway Park sandwiched between wins on the road in Oakland and Cleveland.

29 April 1945 - Boo Ferriss makes his major league debut, pitching a five-hit shutout against the Athletics as the Red Sox win 2-0 in the opening game of a doubleheader in Philadelphia.

29 April 1986 - Roger Clemens sets a major league record by recording 20 strikeouts in a 3-1 win over Seattle at Fenway Park; he allows just three hits and walks none in the complete game effort.

29 April 2006 - In a 9-6 win over Tampa Bay, Boston rookie closer Jonathan Papelbon earns his 10th save in 10 chances; he became the first big league pitcher to get 10 saves in April after entering that season without a save. He also sets a major league rookie record and the Red Sox team mark for saves during April.

30 April 1901 - Following three losses to begin the season, Boston wins its first game in franchise history, besting the Athletics in Philadelphia 8-6 in extra innings after falling behind 6-1. It was the American League's first-ever extra inning game as Cy Young earned the win.

30 April 1950 - Boston shuts out Philadelphia 19-0 in the first game of a doubleheader, scoring 11 runs in the fourth inning as Ted Williams hits a pair of three-run home runs in the game.

30 April 1952 - The Red Sox bid Ted Williams farewell in his last game before leaving for duty with the Marines in response to the Korean War effort and the Splendid Splinter leaves a lasting impression with a home run in a 5-3 Boston victory at Fenway Park.

30 April 1986 - Three Boston pitchers combine to strike out 16 Seattle batters in a 9-4 win for the Red Sox over the Mariners, one day after Roger Clemens strikes out 20 Seattle batters.

30 April 2003 - Boston rallies from a three-run deficit in the ninth against Kansas City thanks in part to three hit batsmen, two errors, and a wild pitch as the Red Sox win, 5-4.

30 April 2008 - For the second game in a row, Boston beats Toronto with a ninth-inning, two-out base hit that scores the winning run; catcher Jason Varitek singles home Manny Ramirez to give the Sox a 2-1 win one day after Kevin Youkilis plates David Ortiz in a 1-0 victory over the Blue Jays.