Team History

In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.

Red Sox Legend - Jim Rice

Years with Boston: 1974-1989
Position: Left Field

Fun Fact: During his 1978 MVP campagin, he collected an amazing 406 total bases, the first to have 400 or more total bases in a single season since Hank Aaron in 1959 and a feat that's been matched since only six times. ...more on Jim Rice.

Other Red Sox legends: Joe Cronin, Johnny Pesky, Lefty Grove

This Week in Red Sox History

14 April 1931 - The Red Sox officially wear uniform numbers for the first time in an opening loss to New York at Yankee Stadium

14 April 1967 - Billy Rohr comes within one out of throwing a no-hitter in his major league debut as the young Red Sox pitcher settles for a 3-0, complete game victory over the Yankees in New York.

14 April 2013 - Clay Buchholz no-hits the Rays for seven innings before the first batter of the eighth strokes a clean single to right as the Red Sox win 5-0 at Fenway Park.

15 April 2013 - On the day of the Boston Marathon bombing, Mike Napoli doubles off the Green Monster at Fenway Park to score Dustin Pedroia from first base and give the Red Sox a 3-2 win over the Rays. The game ends only an hour or so before two bombs are detonated at the finish line of the marathon, which kills three spectators.

16 April 1909 - Future Hall-of-Fame outfielder Harry Hooper makes his major league debut for Boston in a 3-2 loss to the Senators in Washington.

16 April 1935 - Joe Cronin makes his debut as player-manager for the Red Sox and Boston wins 1-0 over the Yankees in New York thanks to a two-hitter fired by pitcher Wes Ferrell.

16 April 1940 - Forty-year-old Lefty Grove pitches a two-hitter on Opening Day at Griffith Stadium in Washington as Boston wins, 1-0, Grove's last of 35 career shutouts.

16 April 1945 - Negro League players Jackie Robinson, Sam Jethroe, and Marvin Williams are offered tryouts by the Red Sox, though none are offered contracts following the workout at Fenway Park.

16 April 1967 - Outfielders Carl Yastrzemski and Tony Conigliaro collect five apiece, but Boston loses 7-6 in 18 innings versus New York and Yankees Stadium.

17 April 1934 - The rebuilt Fenway Park opens with the Red Sox losing to Washington 6-5 in extra innings.

17 April 1964 - In his first at-bat at Fenway Park, 19-year-old Tony Conigliaro hits a home run over the left field wall onto Lansdowne Street as Boston cruises to a 4-1 win over Chicago.

17 April 2006 - Mark Loretta hits a walk-off, two-run home run on Patriots' Day at Fenway Park as Boston beats Seattle, 7-6. David Ortiz also provide some fireworks with two home runs of his own.

17 April 2007 - Despite a 2-1 loss, Red Sox pitcher Daisuke Matsuzaka strikes out 10 Blue Jays batters to become only the second pitcher in major league history to record double-digit strikeout totals in his first three starts, the other being Fernando Valenzuela in 1981.

19 April 1902 - Boston begins its tradition of playing on Patriot's Day with a come-from-behind, 7-6 win in the opener at Huntington Avenue Grounds. Boston rallies for four runs in the ninth to stun the Baltimore Orioles.

19 April 1926 - Ira Flagstead assists in three double plays playing center field for the Red Sox, tying a major league record for outfielders in a 2-1 win over the Athletics on Patriots' Day at Fenway Park.

19 April 1945 - Joe Cronin's days as a player end after he fractures his right leg sliding into second base in Boston's 4-3 loss to New York. However, he maintains his role as manager through the end of the 1947 season.

19 April 2010 - An 8-2 win for Tampa Bay at Fenway Park gives the Rays a four-game road sweep of the Red Sox for the first time in franchise history.

20 April 1912 - With 27,000 in attendance, Boston christen the new Fenway Park with a 7-6, 11-inning win over New York.

20 April 1939 - Rookie Ted Williams makes his major league debut in a 2-0 loss to the Yankees in New York, going 1-for-4 with a double off Red Ruffing and striking out in his first at-bat.

20 April 2010 - Journeyman Darnell McDonald makes his Boston debut with a pinch-hit two-run home run in the eighth to tie the score, then singles home the game-winning RBI in the ninth as the Red Sox beat the Rangers 7-6 at Fenway Park.

20 April 2012 - The Red Sox mark exactly 100 years to the day that the team played its first game at Fenway Park against the same opponent, the Yankees (then known as the Highlanders). Unfortunately for the home team, the visitors best them 6-2 as Clay Buchholz yields five solo home runs.

20 April 2013 - In the first game at Fenway Park since the Boston Marathon bombing, Daniel Nava hits a three-run home run in the eighth inning and the Red Sox win 4-3 over the Royals. In pregame ceremonies, David Ortiz, who had missed the first two weeks of the season due to injury, amps up the crowd by stating: "This is our f**king city, and no one is going to dictate our freedom. Stay strong!"