In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Jim Rice
Years with Boston: 1974-1989
Position: Left Field
Fun Fact: During his 1978 MVP campagin, he collected an amazing 406 total bases, the first to have 400 or more total bases in a single season since Hank Aaron in 1959 and a feat that's been matched since only six times. ...more on Jim Rice.
This Week in Red Sox History
15 August 1916 - Another duel between Babe Ruth and Walter Johnson at Fenway Park ends in a 1-0 win for Boston in 13 innings. Ruth nearly ends the game in the 12th with a long drive, but Washington center fielder Clyde Milan makes the catch as he leans into the bleachers.
15 August 1922 - The Red Sox and White Sox together collect 36 singles in a single game, tying a modern major league record, in a 19-11 win for Chicago at Fenway Park. Chicago accounts for 21 singles and Boston collects the other 15; in total, there are 43 hits in the game, including five doubles and two triples.
15 August 1949 - Boston signs African-American second baseman Piper David, formally of the Birmingham Black Barons of the Negro Leagues.
15 August 2012 - Jacoby Ellsbury extends his hitting streak against the Orioles to 38 games (71-for-171, .415) but the Red Sox lose 5-3 in Baltimore. The streak ends the following night; it is the second longest streak hitting by a player against a single team since 1900 (Vladimir Guerrero, 44 straight versus the Rangers).
16 August 1916 - One day after playing extra innings against Washington, Boston needs 16 innings to beat Chicago 5-4 at Fenway Park. The Red Sox use four left fielders in the game, tying them for the major league record, including pitchers Sad Sam Jones and Rube Foster.
16 August 1926 - Boston catcher Alex Gaston and third baseman Fred Haney each hit bases-loaded triples, tying a major league record. Gaston's comes in the second inning off brother Milt, pitching for St. Louis, and Haney's comes one inning later as the Red Sox roll to a 7-1 win in the second game of a doubleheader.
16 August 1940 - Jimmie Foxx (495 home runs) passes Lou Gehrig (493) for second all-time in career home runs with two round-trippers, the second being of the walk-off variety for a 7-6 win over the Senators.
16 August 2001 - Jimy Williams is fired as Red Sox manager and replaced by pitching coach Joe Kerrigan.
16 August 2013 - Ryan Dempster plunks Alex Rodriguez, who is playing under appeal of a 211-game suspension, in his first at-bat of an eventual 9-6 Yankees win over the Red Sox at Fenway Park. Rodriguez responds with a home run in the sixth that starts a New York rally from a 6-3 deficit. Two days later, Dempster is suspended for five games and fined for the incident.
17 August 1904 - Jesse Tannehill pitches the second no-hitter for the Boston franchise in 1904, allowing just two base runners, as he beats Chicago, 6-0.
17 August 2011 - The Red Sox tie a team record for most consecutive games with three or fewer hits as they lose 4-0 to the Rays at Fenway Park.
18 August 1967 - Tony Conigliaro gets beaned by a pitch from Jack Hamilton of the Angels at Fenway Park, which knocks him out of baseball for the next year-plus.
19 August 1934 - Outfielder Moose Solters hits for the cycle in the opener of a doubleheader, hitting a grand slam in the ninth inning, but Boston loses 8-6 to the Tigers at Fenway Park.
19 August 1974 - Making his major league debut, Jim Rice goes 0-for-2 as the DH but drives in a run with a sacrifice fly in a 6-1 win over the White Sox at Fenway Park.
20 August 1967 - Reggie Smith becomes the first Red Sox player to hit home runs from both sides of the plate in a single game as Boston wins 12-2 in the opener of a doubleheader against the Angels at Fenway Park.