In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Bill Lee
Years with Boston: 1969-1978
Fun Fact: Considered an arm pitcher, his bag of slow deliberate pitches included a bloop curve referred to by Sports Illustrated as his Leephus pitch, in reference to the Eephus pitch made famous by former Pittsburgh Pirates staffer Rip Sewell. ...more on Bill Lee.
This Week in Red Sox History
1 September 1906 - In the longest game in franchise history, Boston loses 4-1 in 24 innings to Philadelphia; the game takes four hours and 47 minutes to complete and both starting pitchers, Jack Coombs of Philadelphia and Joe Harris of the Red Sox go the distance.
1 September 1990 - Thanks in part to Mike Greenwell's inside-the-park grand slam, Boston posts a 15-1 win over New York at Fenway Park, their ninth win in a row.
1 September 1996 - Making his first major-league start, Nomar Garciaparra hits a home run off future Red Sox reliever John Wasdin in an 8-3 win for Boston over Oakland.
1 September 2007 - Rookie Clay Buchholz, in just his second major league start, throws a no-hitter at Fenway Park against the Baltimore Orioles as the Red Sox win 10-0. He becomes the third pitcher in MLB history to throw a no-no in either his first or second career start.
2 September 1935 - In a slugfest with the Senators, Red Sox pitcher Jack Wilson's game-winning home run in the 11th inning gives Boston a 9-8 win over Washington at Fenway Park in the opening game of a doubleheader. Joe Cronin helps the home team's cause with a grand slam.
2 September 1946 - Red Sox pitcher Boo Ferriss wins his 12th straight and 24th start of the season in the opener of a twin-bill sweep of the Yankees, 5-2 and 3-1. Ferriss had also won 10 straight earlier that season to join Walter "Big Train" Johnson as the only big-league pitchers to accomplish the feat.
2 September 1971 - Sonny Siebert pitches a complete game shutout and hits two home runs, the last American League pitcher to hit two home runs in a single game, as Boston defeats Baltimore 3-0 at Fenway Park.
2 September 1974 - The Orioles sweep the Red Sox in a doubleheader in Baltimore by identical 1-0 scores, becoming the only American League team ever to lose to 1-0 games in a same day.
2 September 1996 - Outfielder Mike Greenwell sets a major league record by driving home all nine Red Sox runs in a 9-8, 10-inning win over the Mariners in Seattle. Greenwell hits an RBI single, a two-run double, a two-run home run, and a grand slam for the record.
3 September 1913 - For the second time this season, Boston is forced to use the opposition's road uniforms to play when their baggage fails to make it in time for the game. On 09 July, Boston defeated St. Louis in the Brown's road unis; on this day, they sweep a doubleheader against the Athletics in Philadelphia.
3 September 2011 - With a 12-7 win over the Rangers, the Red Sox open a nine-game lead over the Rays for the American League wild card spot. Boston wins just six of its last 24 games in one of the worst collapses in baseball history.
4 September 1981 - After the game is suspended the night before due to a 1:00 AM curfew, Seattle beats Boston 8-7 thanks to a run in the 20th inning scored off Bob Stanley. Jerry Remy ties a Red Sox record with six hits in 10 at-bats during the marathon affair, the longest in Fenway Park history.
4 September 2000 - Number 27 is officially retired by the Red Sox in honor of catcher Carlton "Pudge" Fisk prior to a 5-1 win over Seattle at Fenway Park.
4 September 2006 - Haverhill, MA native and Northeastern University graduate Carlos Pena hits a walk-off home run for the Red Sox in a 3-2 win over the White Sox in ten innings, less than a week after being picked off waivers by Boston.
4 September 2013 - After a scoreless bottom of the first, the Red Sox score in every other inning of a 20-4 win over the Tigers at Fenway Park. David Ortiz collects his 2,000 hit with a sixth-inning double.
5 September 1903 - Patsy Dougherty goes 5-for-5 with three triples, the only player in franchise history to accomplish the feat, as Boston wins 12-1 over Philadelphia.
6 September 1904 - A 6-3 loss in the second game of a doubleheader at Huntington Avenue Grounds marks the end of a 22-game winning streak for Boston against Washington dating back to 1903.
6 September 1912 - In a historic match-up of two great pitchers, Smoky Joe Wood out-duels future Hall of Fame pitcher Walter Johnson in a 1-0 win for Boston over Washington at Fenway Park.
6 September 2009 - Jon Lester becomes the tenth Boston pitcher in franchise history to record 200 strikeouts in a single season as the Red Sox win 6-1 over the White Sox. Lester joins Bruce Hurst as the only southpaws to reach this mark with the team.
6 September 2010 - Red Sox rookie Ryan Kalish hits his second grand slam of the season in a 12-5 rout of the Rays at Fenway Park. Kalish, with 40 home runs total in five minor league seasons, finishes the regular season with four home runs in 53 games with Boston.
6 September 2013 - Down by five runs after five innings, the Red Sox rally to win 12-8 over the Yankees in New York.
7 September 1923 - Howard Ehmke pitches a no-hitter in Philadelphia as the Sox best the Athletics, 4-0. Four days later in New York, Ehmke allows just one hit in a complete-game 3-0 win over the Yankees.
7 September 1926 - The Red Sox lose their 17th straight decision, a 4-2 loss to the Yankees; the streak ends the next day at Yankee Stadium with a 5-2 win.
7 September 1935 - Joe Cronin hits into a game-ending triple play with the bases loaded in the ninth as Boston loses 5-3 to Cleveland. Cronin's line drive towards third hits Odell Hale off the side of the head, which caroms to shortstop Bill Knickerbocker. He in turn throws to Roy Hughes covering second, who then throws to Hal Trosky at first to finish the trifecta.
7 September 1992 - Future Hall of Fame pitchers Roger Clemens and Nolan Ryan go head-to-head in Arlington as Boston gets the better of Texas, 3-0. Both pitchers threw seven scoreless innings before the Sox scored two in the eighth.