In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Lefty Grove
Years with Boston: 1934-1941
Fun Fact: Grove is one of one four pitchers in franchise history to hit a grand slam, doing so in July of 1935 in an extra-inning loss to the Philadelphia Athletics. In his career, he hit 15 total home runs and just four with Boston. ...more on Lefty Grove.
This Week in Red Sox History
25 July 1941 - Southpaw Lefty Grove wins his 300th and final game, pitching a complete game as the Red Sox rally twice to beat the Indians 10-6 at Fenway Park.
25 July 1966 - Ted Williams is inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown and, during his acceptance speech, implores Cooperstown to someday enshrine former Negro League players who were never given the opportunity to play major league ball.
25 July 1974 - Carl Yastrzemski collects his 300th career home run in a 12-4 win over the Tigers in Detroit; the blast comes off 1968 World Series MVP Mickey Lolich.
25 July 1985 - Wade Boggs extends a 28-game hitting streak in a 5-3 Red Sox win over the Mariners at Fenway Park.
25 July 1988 - Boston wins its 12th straight game under new manager Joe Morgan, beating Texas 2-0 in Arlington moving to within 1-1/2 games of first-place New York.
26 July 1918 - Eusebio Gonzalez, a native of Havana, Cuba, becomes the first Latin player to take the field for the Red Sox when he enters as a substitute in a 7-2 loss to the White Sox in Chicago.
26 July 1964 - Outfielder Tony Conigliaro suffers a broken arm but the Red Sox still manage to best the Indians 6-1 at Cleveland.
26 July 1985 - By going 0-for-3 in Boston's 6-2 win over Seattle, Wade Bogg's consecutive-game hitting streak ends at 28.
26 July 1987 - Designated hitter Sam Horn, in only the second game of his major league career, hits his second home run in as many days in an 11-1 win over the Mariners in Fenway Park.
26 July 2014 - The Red Sox trade Jake Peavy and cash to the Giants in exchange for pitchers Edwin Escobar and Heath Hembree.
27 July 1935 - Lefty Grove hits a grand slam in a 7-6, extra-inning loss, one of only four Red Sox pitchers to hit a bases-loaded home run in club history.
27 July 1965 - Playing both ends of a doubleheader at Fenway Park, Tony Conigliaro hits three home runs, with two in the first game and a grand slam in the second one, but Boston loses both games to Kansas City by scores of 7-3 and 10-8, respectively.
27 July 2011 - David Ortiz hits his tenth career grand slam in a 12-5 win over the Royals at Fenway Park. The slam brings Big Papi's RBI total with the Red Sox to 1,000, only the fifth player in team history with at least 1,000 RBI in a Boston uniform.
27 July 2013 - The Red Sox win 7-3 over the Orioles in Baltimore as Stephen Drew homers twice and ties a career-high with five RBI. David Ortiz, after striking out in the seventh inning following what he perceives as a bad call on a 3-0 pitch, destroys the dugout phone with his bat, then proceeds to curse out home plate umpire Tim Timmons.
28 July 1959 - Earl Wilson becomes the first African American player to pitch for the Red Sox, throwing a scoreless inning in a 5-3 loss in the opener of a doubleheader in Cleveland.
28 July 1965 - An errant pitch strikes right fielder Tony Conigliaro in the wrist during Boston's 6-0 win and forces the young slugger to miss 24 games.
28 July 1979 - Boston executes its third triple play of the season to tie a mark held by eight other teams, including the 1924 Red Sox, as Dennis Eckersley shuts out the Rangers 1-0 in Arlington.
28 July 2011 - Dustin Pedroia extends his hitting streak to 25 games with a solo home run in the eighth inning of a 4-3 loss to the White Sox in Chicago. The Red Sox second baseman goes 0-for-4 the next night to end the streak.
28 July 2013 - Former Red Sox first baseman George Scott passes away at the age of 69 in Greenville, Mississippi.
29 July 1903 - Patsy Dougherty becomes the first player in franchise history to hit for the cycle but Boston loses 15-14 to New York at Huntington Avenue Grounds, with Cy Young giving up all 15 runs.
29 July 1911 - Smoky Joe Wood throws a no-hitter in a 5-0 win for the Red Sox over the St. Louis Browns.
29 July 1988 - Playing both ends of a doubleheader, Jody Reed collects seven hits in nine at-bats as Boston sweeps Milwaukee at Fenway Park.
29 July 1990 - The Red Sox collect 12 doubles in one game, an American League record, in a 13-3 win over the Tigers in Detroit.
29 July 2003 - Switch-hitter Bill Mueller becomes the first player in history to hit grand slams from both sides of the plate in one game as the Red Sox third baseman hits three home runs and drives home nine in a 14-7 win over the Rangers in Texas.
30 July 1936 - The Red Sox become the first American League team and second major league club to travel by airplane when they charter a flight from St. Louis to Chicago.
30 July 1991 - Carlos Quintana ties an American League record by driving in six runs in one inning as Boston crushes Texas 11-6 at Fenway Park. A grand slam off old friend Oil Can Boyd in the third inning is followed later in the same frame with a two-run double off Wayne Rosenthal.
30 July 2011 - The Red Sox bat around in the fifth and ninth innings of a 10-2 win over the White Sox in Chicago.
30 July 2012 - In a moment of frustration, right fielder Ryan Sweeney ends his season when he punches a door in the dugout after his eighth inning at-bat, fracturing his left knuckle, in a 7-3 Red Sox win over the Tigers at Fenway Park.
31 July 1959 - Three days after his debut, Earl Wilson makes his first major league start, pitching 3-2/3 hitless innings but allowing nine walks in an eventual 6-5 Red Sox win in Detroit.
31 July 1997 - The Red Sox perhaps make the best deal in franchise history when they send Heathcliff Slocumb to the Mariners in exchange for future All-Stars Jason Varitek and Derek Lowe.
31 July 2004 - Nomar Garciaparra departs after seven-plus seasons in Boston, traded to Chicago in a blockbuster four-team deal that brings shortstop Orlando Cabrera and first baseman Doug Mientkiewicz to the Red Sox.
31 July 2006 - For the second time in three days, designated hitter David Ortiz hits a game-winning hit, this time a three-run home run in the ninth inning, as Boston beats Cleveland, 9-8. It marked the fourth time this season and the 12th time in his Red Sox career that Ortiz had ended a game with a walk-off hit. Ortiz also ties a club record with his 14th home run for the month.
31 July 2008 - Outfielder Manny Ramirez is traded to the Dodgers as part of a three-team deal while the Red Sox receive outfielder Jason Bay from the Pittsburgh Pirates.
31 July 2013 - The Red Sox win 5-4 over the Mariners in 15 innings thanks to a two-out, bases-loaded single from Stephen Drew. Boston's 10th walk-off win of the season vaults the Sox back into first place in the American League East.
31 July 2014 - Well out of contention, the Red Sox trade away several pieces of last year's World Series championship team, including Jon Lester and Jonny Gomes to the Athletics, John Lackey to the Cardinals, Andrew Miller to the Orioles, and Stephen Drew to the Yankees. Drew's trade for utilityman Kelly Johnson marks the first trade between Boston and New York since 1997. Boston also receives two-time All-Star Home Run Derby winner Yoenis Cespedes from Oakland.