In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Tim Wakefield
Years with Boston: 1995-2011
Fun Fact: Known for his knuckleball pitcher, which usually fell between 64 and 68 miles per hour, Wakefield is second all-time in franchise history in wins (186) and strikeouts (2046) and first in games started (430) and innings pitched (3006.0). ...more on Tim Wakefield.
This Week in Red Sox History
29 September 1928 - Utility outfielder Jack Rothrock is listed as the starting catcher for the Red Sox in Cleveland but moves to left field as he takes the field in the bottom of the first. Even so, he is credited with playing all nine positions for Boston in one season.
29 September 1937 - With a 3-1 win in the opening game of a doubleheader against the Senators, the Red Sox are ensured of a winning season for the first time in 19 years; the club finishes the season at 80-72.
29 September 1998 - Boston breaks a stretch of 13 consecutive playoff loses as the Red Sox thump the Indians 11-3 in Cleveland behind the pitching of Pedro Martinez and seven RBI from Mo Vaughn.
29 September 1999 - Boston clinches a wild card berth with a 6-2 win over Chicago in the first game of a doubleheader at Comisky Park.
30 September 1915 - The idle Red Sox clinch their fourth American League pennant as Detroit loses to St. Louis.
30 September 1952 - Mel Parnell loses for the first time since 1948 against Washington, a streak of 17 games, as the Senators best the Red Sox 10-6.
30 September 1973 - Eddie Kasko is fired as manager of the Red Sox and replaced by AAA Pawtucket manager Darrell Johnson.
30 September 1988 - Despite losing 4-2 in Cleveland to the Indians, the Red Sox win the American League East division as New York and Milwaukee both lose as well.
30 September 2009 - Appearing in the ninth inning of a 12-0 blowout at the hands of Toronto, catcher Dusty Brown becomes the third positional player of the season to take the mound for Boston. Brown is preceded by outfielder Jonathan Van Every on 30 April against Tampa Bay and shortstop Nick Green on 27 August against Chicago.
30 September 2011 - Terry Francona, after a tumultous late-season collapse that caused his team to miss the post-season for a third consecutive year, steps down after eight seasons managing the Red Sox. During his tenure, Boston won 28 post-season contests and World Series championships in 2004 and 2007, the former being the first in 86 years.
1 October 1916 - For the second straight season, Boston clinches the American League pennant with needing to play; the idle Red Sox are crowned American League champions when the White Sox lose 2-0 to the Indians.
1 October 1933 - By losing the final game of the season, 6-5 to New York, Boston extends its streak of losing seasons to 15, dating back to 1919.
1 October 1938 - Jimmie Foxx sets a Boston club record by hitting his 49th and 50th home runs of the season in a 9-2 win over the Yankees at Fenway Park.
1 October 1946 - In an exhibition game between Boston and a collection of American League All-Stars, Ted Williams is hit by a pitch on the elbow; the injury will hamper Williams during the his only World Series appearance.
1 October 1964 - The smallest-ever crowd at Fenway Park, with 306 people officially in attendance, watch the Red Sox beat the Indians 4-2.
1 October 1967 - For the first time in 21 seasons, the Red Sox claim the American League pennant with a 5-3 win over the Twins at Fenway Park, though Boston must wait until Detroit loses the second game of a doubleheader against Los Angeles to celebrate the title.
1 October 1974 - Jim Rice hits his first major league home run to break a 4-4 tie as Boston goes on to defeat Cleveland 7-4 at Fenway Park.
1 October 1978 - The Red Sox finish the season by winning eight straight and 12-of-14, capped with a 5-0 win over the Blue Jays at home, to move into a tie for first with the Yankees in the American League East.
1 October 1983 - Carl Yastrzemski is honored during pre-game ceremonies at Fenway Park and takes two "final laps" around Fenway Park as the home team loses 3-1 to the Indians.
1 October 1991 - With a pair of doubles in Boston's 8-5 loss to Detroit at Fenway Park, Wade Boggs reaches the mark of 40 two-baggers for the seventh straight season, only the second player in baseball history to accomplish the feat.
1 October 2004 - Red Sox second baseman Mark Bellhorn sets a franchise single-season record by striking out for the 177th time in a 7-5 Boston win over Baltimore in the second half of a doubleheader.
1 October 2006 - In only his second major league outing, Devern Hansack no-hits Baltimore for five innings and Boston wins 9-0 in a rain-shortened contest at Fenway Park. Due to league rules, it is not considered a no-hitter unless a pitcher goes nine innings.
2 October 1921 - Shortstop Everett Scott plays his 832nd consecutive game for the Red Sox, a team record, in a 7-6 loss to the Yankees.
2 October 1938 - Sitting out the final day of the season, Jimmie Foxx wins the American League batting title with a .349 average, six percentage points ahead of Cleveland's Jeff Heath.
2 October 1949 - Needing just one win in the final two games of the season, Boston loses both games and the pennant to New York, ending with a 5-4 loss at Yankee Stadium.
2 October 1972 - Needing to win two-of-three in Detroit, Boston loses the first game 4-1 in part to a costly base running mishap; the Red Sox lose the next day and finish a half-game out of first place behind the Tigers.
2 October 1978 - Thanks in part to light-hitting Bucky Dent's three-run home run in the seventh inning at Fenway Park, Boston loses a one-game playoff to New York, 5-4, and the Yankees go on to win the pennant over Kansas City and the World Series over Los Angeles.
2 October 1983 - In his 3,038th and final game, Carl Yastrzemski plays left field for the first time all season and goes 1-for-3 with a single as Boston bests Cleveland 3-1 at Fenway Park. "Yaz" takes one more "final lap" at the end of the game and also spends an hour following the game signing autographs outside the park.
2 October 2005 - One day after the Yankees clinch the division title, Boston wins 10-1 over New York to earn a wild card berth. Although the teams finished with identical 95-67 records, the Yankees had won the season series, ten games to nine.
2 October 2010 - Third baseman Mike Lowell, after being honored in a pre-game ceremony by the Red Sox, goes 2-for-2 with a walk, a double, a run scored, and two RBI before being lifted in the fifth inning of a 6-5 loss to the Yankees in the first game of a doubleheader. The 2007 World Series MVP had announced late in the season that this year would be his last in the majors.
3 October 1908 - Over a month after making his debut, Rookie pitcher Smoky Joe Wood collects his first win with the Red Sox, shutting out the Athletics 5-0 in Philadelphia; he is the youngest pitcher in franchise history to win a game and to pitch a strikeout.
3 October 1990 - Boston wins the pennant on the last day of the season with a 3-1 win over Chicago at Fenway Park, with Tom Brunansky diving out of the network cameras' view to make the catch in the right field corner for the final out.
3 October 1998 - Tom Gordon blows his first save since 14 April, allowing Cleveland's only two runs in the eighth inning, as the Indians win 2-1 at Fenway Park and clinch the division series over the Red Sox.
3 October 2008 - With a 7-5 win over the Angels in Game Two of the ALDS, Boston's playoff winning streak against the Los Angeles franchise extends to 11 games, dating back to Gave Five of the 1986 ALCS. J.D. Drew's two-run home run in the top of the ninth is the difference after Boston fails to hold an early 5-1 lead.
3 October 2012 - The Red Sox lose 14-2 to the Yankees in New York to finish the season at 69-93, failing to win at least 70 games for the first time since 1965. Only 15 other Red Sox teams have finished with a worse winning percentage.
4 October 1948 - Boston loses a one-game playoff against Cleveland as the Indians are awarded the American League pennant after both teams had finished the season tied at 96-58.
4 October 1987 - Red Sox pitcher Roger Clemens wins his 20th game on the final day of the season as Boston beats Milwaukee 4-0 at Fenway Park; Clemens allows just two hits and strikes out 12 in a complete-game effort.
4 October 2003 - Trot Nixon hits a pinch-hit, two-run home run in the 11th inning as Boston wins 3-1 over Oakland in Game Three of the division series at Fenway Park, averting a sweep by the Athletics.
4 October 2012 - Following Boston's worst season since 1965, the Red Sox fire manager Bobby Valentine one day after the season ends.
5 October 1912 - Boston sets a club record with its 105th win of the season, blanking Philadelphia 5-0.