Team History

In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.

Red Sox Legend - Roger Clemens

Years with Boston: 1984-1996
Position: Pitcher

Fun Fact: Clemens is the only player to have won League Most Valuable Player, Cy Young, and All-Star MVP honors in the same season (1986). Clemens is also the only Red Sox pitcher to take home league MVP honors. ...more on Roger Clemens.

Other Red Sox legends: Tris Speaker, Fred Lynn, Bill Carrigan

This Week in Red Sox History

17 October 2004 - Boston staves off elimination thanks to the heroics of Dave Roberts and David Ortiz in a 6-4 Red Sox win over the Yankees in Game Four of the ALCS. Roberts' steal of second base allows him to come home on Bill Mueller's single up the middle in the bottom of the ninth to tie the score, at Ortiz wins it with a two-run home run in the 12th inning.

17 October 2013 - The Red Sox take an early 4-0 lead, then hang on to win 4-3 over the Tigers at Comerica Park in Game Five of the American League Championship Series to take a 3-2 series lead. Mike Napoli hits a solo home run in the second, the first run posted by Boston in the series before the sixth inning, and later in the game scores on a wild pitch. Koji Uehara records the last five outs for his second save of the series.

18 October 1984 - John McNamara succeeds Ralph Houk as manager of the Red Sox.

18 October 1994 - The Red Sox, having fired former manager Butch Hobson in September, hire Kevin Kennedy as manager, who had been let go by the Texas Rangers at the end of the strike-shortened 1994 season.

18 October 1999 - At Fenway Park, the Yankees win 6-1 over the Red Sox in Game Five of the American League Championship Series as New York claim their third pennant in four years.

18 October 2004 - Less than 24 hours after forcing a fifth game in the series, David Ortiz hits his second consecutive walk-off hit, driving home Johnny Damon from second with a bloop single in the 14th inning as Boston wins 5-4 over New York. The Red Sox had rallied late to tie the score at four with two runs in the eighth, including a solo home run from Ortiz.

19 October 2004 - Curt Schilling, the tendon in his ankle sutured together to allow him to pitch, goes seven innings and allows just one run of four hits and Boston wins 4-2 in Game Six of the ALCS versus New York. Mark Bellhorn's three-run home run in the fourth proved to be the difference.

19 October 2008 - Boston is unable to complete a comeback from a 3-1 series deficit against Tampa Bay as the Rays win the pennant with a 3-1 win in Game Seven of the ALCS. Dustin Pedroia accounts for the only run scored by Boston on a first inning solo home run.

19 October 2013 - The Red Sox win their 13th American League pennant with a 5-2 win over the Tigers at Fenway Park in Game Six of the American League Championship Series. Shane Victorino is the difference as he crushes a pitch over the Green Monster in the seventh for a grand slam home run. Closer Koji Uehara is named ALCS MVP as he saves his third game of the series.

20 October 2004 - Boston rebounds from an 0-3 series deficit and clobbers New York 10-3 at Yankee Stadium for the club's first pennant in 18 years. Johnny Damon hits two home runs, David Ortiz hits his third of the series, and Derek Lowe earns the win by allowing just one run on one hit in six innings of work. The Red Sox become the first team to ever rally from an 0-3 playoff series deficit in Major League Baseball history.

20 October 2011 - Red Sox designated hitter David Ortiz is named as the recepient of the 2011 Roberto Clemente Award in recognition for his David Ortiz Children's Fund, dedicated to raising funds to provide children access to critical pediatric care in the Dominican and the United States. His recognition comes one year after teammate Tim Wakefield is the first Red Sox player to receive the award.

21 October 1975 - Thanks to Bernie Carbo's three-run, pinch-hit home run in the late innings and Carlton Fisk's extra-inning long ball off the left field foul pole at Fenway Park, Boston wins a dramatic Game Six against Cincinnati, 6-5 in 12 innings.

21 October 2007 - Boston completes a comeback from a 3-1 American League Champion Series deficit with an 11-2 win over Cleveland, winning the AL pennant in seven games for the second time in four years. Pitcher Josh Beckett, who wins Games One and Five, is named series MVP.

21 October 2011 - Theo Epstein, after nine seasons with the Red Sox as general manager, resigns his position to become the President of Baseball Operations for the Chicago Cubs. Ben Cherington is eventually named the new Boston GM.

21 October 2012 - The Blues Jays and Red Sox complete a deal that allows John Farrell to leave his managerial position with Toronto to take the same position with Boston. Farrell had previously served as the Sox pitching coach between 2007 and 2010 before taking his job with the Jays. The deal also sends Mike Aviles to Toronto.

22 October 1975 - Despite holding a 3-0 lead early, Boston loses the seventh game of the 1975 World Series by a 4-3 margin as Cincinnati wins the title.

22 October 2013 - Red Sox manager John Farrell is named Sporting News' 2013 American League Manager of the Year, ahead of former Boston skipper Terry Francona, Ron Washington, and Bob Melvin. Farrell later finishes second to Francona in the baseball writer's vote.

23 October 2004 - Mark Bellhorn's two-run home run off the Pesky Pole in right field seals an 11-9 Red Sox win over the Cardinals in Game One of the World Series. St. Louis had come back from deficits of 7-2 and 9-7 thanks in part to four Boston errors, but the home team holds on to win.

23 October 2013 - The Red Sox win Game One of the World Series 8-1 over St. Louis at Fenway Park. Jon Lester blanks the Cardinals over 7-2/3 innings of work, while Mike Napoli provides all the necessary offense in the first with a bases-clearing double to the gap in left-center field.