In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Dom DiMaggio
Years with Boston: 1940-1953
Position: Center Field
Fun Fact: In 1950, DiMaggio, younger brother of Yankees legend Joe DiMaggio, stole 15 bases, which was the highest total in the American League and coincidently the lowest total by the stolen base leader in league history. ...more on Dom DiMaggio.
This Week in Red Sox History
27 October 1986 - Despite an early 3-0 lead, the Red Sox lose Game Seven 8-5 to the Mets as New York wins its second World Series title in front of 55,032 fans at Shea Stadium.
27 October 2003 - The Red Sox fire manager Grady Little despite having gone 188-136 in two years with Boston, winning 93 games or more in both seasons.
27 October 2004 - With a lunar eclipse occurring simultaneously, Boston shuts out St. Louis 3-0 and sweeps the Cardinals in four games for the first Red Sox World Series win in 86 years. Johnny Damon leads off the game with a home run, Trot Nixon adds two more with a double, and Derek Lowe goes seven strong to become the first pitcher in Major League Baseball history to win the deciding game of all three series in a single postseason. The final out comes when Cardinals shortstop Edgar Renteria hits a chopper back to closer Keith Foulke, who easily underhands the throw to first baseman Doug Mientkiewicz, and Boston becomes the fourth team to sweep a series without having ever trailed in any of its four games.
27 October 2013 - Thanks to Jonny Gomes three-run home run in the sixth, the Red Sox win 4-2 over the Cardinals in Game Four of the World Series at Busch Stadium to knot the series at two games. For the first time in post-season history, a World Series game ends on a pick-off as Koji Uehara nabs pinch-runner Kolten Wong leaning off first base in the bottom of the ninth.
28 October 2007 - With a 4-3 win on the road in Colorado, the Red Sox complete a four-game sweep of the Rockies and capture the club's second World Series title in four years. Third baseman Mike Lowell is named series MVP.
28 October 2010 - Red Sox pitcher Tim Wakefield is named as the recepient of the 2010 Roberto Clemente Award in recognition to his contributions to several charities, including the Red Sox Jimmy Fund charity. He is the first Red Sox player to receive the award, given annually since 1971.
28 October 2013 - Jon Lester allows just four hits over 7-2/3 innings of work as the Red Sox win Game Five of the World Series 3-1 over the Cardinals at Busch Stadium to take a 3-2 series lead. Koji Uehara retires the last four batters to earn his seventh save of the post-season. With a hit in the fourth inning, David Ortiz ties a World Series record by reaching base in nine consecutive plate appearances.
29 October 1975 - Sensational Red Sox rookie outfielder Fred Lynn is overwhelmingly selected as the American League Rookie of the Year by the baseball writers. Lynn finishes just a half-vote shy of being the unanimous choice as one writer gives teammate Jim Rice a half-vote for first place.
30 October 2013 - Led by Shane Victorino's three-run double and a solid start from John Lackey, the Red Sox win their third championship in ten years with a 6-1 win over the Cardinals in Game Six of the World Series at Fenway Park. David Ortiz, the only player left from the 2004 championship team, easily secures MVP honors. It is the first series Boston has celebrated a championship at home since 1918.
31 October 2005 - General manager Theo Epstein announces his resignation after he and ownership fail to agree to a new contract; however, Epstein would return to his role three months and replace Ben Cherington and Jed Hoyer, who had been named as co-general managers in December.
1 November 1916 - Club owner John Lannin sells the Red Sox to Harry Frazee and Hugh Ward, both New York theatrical producers.
1 November 1916 - On the same day that New York theater owner and producer Harry H. Frazee and Hugh Ward purchase the Boston Red Sox from owner Joseph Lannin, player-manager Bill Carrigan announces his retirement. Carrigan had led Boston to two world championships in three-plus seasons at the helm but now wishes to pursue other interests back in his hometown of Lewiston, Maine.
2 November 1938 - Jimmie Foxx becomes the first player to win three Most Valuable Player awards as the Red Sox first baseman receives 19 of 22 first-place votes. Foxx also won the award with the Philadelphia Athletics in 1932 and 1933.