In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Dom DiMaggio
Years with Boston: 1940-1953
Position: Center Field
Fun Fact: In 1950, DiMaggio, younger brother of Yankees legend Joe DiMaggio, stole 15 bases, which was the highest total in the American League and coincidently the lowest total by the stolen base leader in league history. ...more on Dom DiMaggio.
This Week in Red Sox History
18 May 1955 - Boston loses 19-0 to Cleveland at Fenway Park, the worst shutout loss in team history.
18 May 2002 - Pedro Martinez strikes out the side on nine pitches in the first inning of a 4-1 Red Sox win over the Mariners at Fenway Park.
19 May 1962 - Catcher Bob Tillman hits a home run in his first official at-bat after walking two innings earlier in his first trip to the plate but the Red Sox lose 6-5 to the Angels at Fenway Park.
19 May 2008 - Jon Lester becomes the second Red Sox pitcher in eight months to hurl a no-hitter, striking out nine and yielding just two walks in a 7-0 win over Kansas City at Fenway Park.
19 May 2011 - Carl Crawford ends a 4-3 Red Sox win over the Tigers with a walk-off hit, his third this month. On 01 May, he hits a ground-ball single up the middle to plate Jed Lowrie; on 09 May, he doubles off the Green Monster to plate pinch-runner Jose Iglesias from first. Tonight, he lines a single over the center fielder, who was playing shallow because the Sox had the bases loaded with only one out to plate David Ortiz.
20 May 1919 - Babe Ruth hits a grand slam against the St. Louis Browns in a game in which he also earns the win as the pitcher; he is one of only four Red Sox pitchers to have emptied the bases with a home run.
20 May 1948 - Boston loses 12-4 as Mickey Harris and Mickey McDermott combine to walk 18 batters, tying a major league record for walks issued by a single team in a nine-inning game.
20 May 1976 - In an 8-2 win at Yankee Stadium, Red Sox pitcher Bill Lee is injured when, during a brawl started when Lou Pinella slammed into Carlton Fisk at home plate, Graig Nettles picks him up and slams him to the ground.
20 May 1991 - Closer Jeff Reardon collects his 300th career save by capping a 3-0 Boston win over Milwaukee at Fenway Park.
20 May 2006 - Starter Josh Beckett rips a drive into the left-center seats at Citizens Bank Park for his second career homer in the seventh inning to give the Red Sox a 5-1 lead over Philadelphia. It's the first home run hit by a Boston pitcher since Marty Pattin on 26 September 1972. The Red Sox eventually win 8-4 over the Phillies.
20 May 2012 - Mike Aviles leads off with a home run for a second consecutive games as the Red Sox win 5-1 over the Phillies in Philadelphia. Harry Hooper is the only other player in franchise history to go back-to-back games with a lead-off home run.
21 May 1940 - One day after hitting a grand slam at Briggs Stadium in Detroit, Jimmie Foxx duplicates the feat against the Tigers, the only player in franchise history to hit grand slams in back-to-back games.
21 May 1988 - Boston retires former second baseman Bobby Doerr's number one before the Red Sox go out and defeat the Angels 8-4 at Fenway Park.
22 May 1957 - Boston connects for four home runs in a single inning as the Red Sox shut out the Indians 11-0.
23 May 1996 - Roger Clemens singles in his first-ever regular season at-bat, forced to the plate after designated hitter Jose Canseco is moved to left field in the eighth, as the Red Sox defeat the Mariners 11-5 at Fenway Park.
24 May 1906 - Boston loses 7-5 to Chicago at Huntington Grounds; it marks the 20th consecutive loss for the club. The string ends the next day as Jesse Tannehill blanks the White Sox, 3-0.