Team History

In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.

Red Sox Legend - Curt Schilling

Years with Boston: 2004-2007
Position: Pitcher

Fun Fact: With his win in Game Two of the 2004 World Series over St. Louis, Schilling became the first pitcher to win a World Series game for three different ball clubs; he had also won a start for Philadelphia in 1993 and the Diamondbacks in 2001. ...more on Curt Schilling.

Other Red Sox legends: Jason Varitek, Tim Wakefield, Babe Ruth

This Week in Red Sox History

15 September 1912 - Smoky Joe Wood wins his 16th consecutive decision as the Red Sox best the St. Louis Browns 2-1 in the second half of a doubleheader.

15 September 1947 - Boston and Chicago combine for 12 double plays in a doubleheader to tie and American League record as the two teams split the twin-bill.

15 September 1974 - In his first major league start, Fred Lynn hits a home run as Boston drops a 9-5 decision in Milwaukee.

15 September 1979 - First baseman Bob Watson completes the cycle with four hits in the ascending order: a single, a double, a triple, and a home run in his last at-bat. Playing in Baltimore, the Red Sox win 10-2 over the Orioles.

15 September 2009 - David Ortiz sets a new mark for home runs hit by a designated hitter as number 270 leaves the playing field at Fenway Park of a 4-1 win for Boston over Los Angeles at Fenway Park. His eighth-inning blast against the Angels allows him to surpass Frank Thomas for most all-time at that position.

15 September 2011 - Jose Iglesias collects his first major league hit, a ninth-inning single, in a 9-2 Red Sox loss to the Rays at Fenway Park.

16 September 1903 - Boston clinches its first pennant in franchise history with a 14-7 win over Cleveland.

16 September 1965 - Dave Morehead pitches the third no-hitter of the decade for the Red Sox, a 2-0 win for Boston over Cleveland at Fenway Park.

16 September 1965 - Tired of suffering one losing season after another, Red Sox management fires Pinky Higgins and replaces him with Dick O'Connell.

16 September 1972 - Dwight Evans makes his major league debut, replacing Reggie Smith in right field at Fenway Park, and goes hitless in his one at-bat as the Red Sox clobber the Indians, 10-0.

16 September 1975 - Red Sox pitcher Luis Tiant and Orioles pitcher Jim Palmer duel at Fenway Park and Boston comes out on top, 2-0, on solo home runs by Carlton Fisk and Rico Petrocelli. The win gives the Sox a 5-1/2 game cushion in the American League East, all but locking up the division.

16 September 1978 - Boston falls 3-1/2 games out of first with 14 games to play on the schedule thanks to a 3-2 loss at Yankee Stadium to New York. Boston had lost 14 of its last 17.

17 September 1920 - Despite drawing 20 walks from the Tigers, a major league record, the Red Sox lose 14-13 in Detroit after rallying from an 8-1 deficit and taking a 13-11 lead.

17 September 1931 - Earl Webb breaks the single-season record for doubles in a season with one in each end of a doubleheader to give him 65 for the season; he goes on to finish the regular season with 67, still a major league record.

17 September 1998 - 43-year-old reliever Dennis Eckersley becomes the oldest Red Sox player to earn a win as Boston wins in 10 innings, 3-2 over Baltimore.

18 September 1912 - Though their game against Cleveland is rained out, the Red Sox clinch the pennant when Chicago beats Philadelphia, 9-1.

18 September 1934 - Despite not recording a hit through the first nine innings, Boston beats St. Louis 2-1 in ten innings.

18 September 1966 - Reggie Smith makes his major league debut for Boston, patrolling center field and batting lead off for the Red Sox in a 5-3 loss to the Angels at Fenway Park.

18 September 1969 - In his major league debut, Carlton Fisk goes hitless in four at-bats as Boston suffers a 6-4 loss to Baltimore in the opener of a doubleheader.

18 September 1985 - Catcher Rich Gedman hits for the cycle as Boston pounds Toronto 13-1 at Fenway Park.

18 September 1996 - In his second-to-last appearance with Boston, Red Sox pitcher Roger Clemens matches his own record of 20 strikeouts in a nine-inning contest as he collects win number 192 with Boston, a 4-0 shutout over Detroit.

19 September 1970 - Brothers Tony and Billy Conigliaro each homer in an 11-3 Red Sox win in the second game of a doubleheader against the Senators at Fenway Park.

19 September 1977 - Rookie Ted Cox collects two hits in his first two at-bats, one day after he debuted by going 4-for-4 in four at-bats. He is the only player in major league history to collect six hits in his first six plate appearances and the only player in franchise history to go 4-for-4 in his debut.

19 September 2011 - Jacoby Ellsbury scores an inside-the-park home run in an 18-9 Red Sox blowout of the Orioles, the second game of a doubleheader at Fenway Park.

20 September 1919 - In what would be his last appearance at Fenway Park, Babe Ruth ties a single-season record for home runs with his 27th in the opener of a doubleheader, a 4-3 Red Sox victory over the White Sox.

20 September 1960 - Carroll Hardy pinch hits for Ted Williams after the legendary outfielder is forced to leave the game after he fouls a pitch off his foot.

20 September 1995 - Boston clinches the 1995 American League East division title with a 3-2 win over Milwaukee at Fenway Park.

20 September 2013 - The Red Sox capture the American League East title with a 6-3 win over the Blue Jays at Fenway Park. Jon Lester wins his 100th career game as Boston, whom most preseason pundits had picked to finish fourth or fifth in its division, wins the East for the first time since 2007.

21 September 1963 - In the opener of a twin bill at Fenway Park, future Red Sox shortstop Rico Petrocelli makes his major league debut as Boston loses 13-4 to Minnesota.

21 September 1985 - Wade Boggs sets a new American League mark with his 185th single in the fifth inning of Boston's 7-6 win over Detroit. With the same hit, he also surpasses Tris Speaker for the single-season franchise mark for hits with number 223 and finishes the season with 240 total base-knocks.

21 September 2006 - David Ortiz surpasses former Red Sox slugger Jimmie Foxx with his 51st and 52nd home run of the season in a 6-0 shutout over the Twins at Fenway Park. "Big Papi" would finish the season with a club-record 54 home runs.