In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Jason Varitek
Years with Boston: 1997-2011
Fun Fact: He is one of only two players in the history of the sport to have played in the World Championship game of the Little League World Series, in the National Championship game of the College World Series, and in the Major League World Series. His high school team also won the Florida State Championship in 1990. ...more on Jason Varitek.
This Week in Red Sox History
23 May 1996 - Roger Clemens singles in his first-ever regular season at-bat, forced to the plate after designated hitter Jose Canseco is moved to left field in the eighth, as the Red Sox defeat the Mariners 11-5 at Fenway Park.
24 May 1906 - Boston loses 7-5 to Chicago at Huntington Grounds; it marks the 20th consecutive loss for the club. The string ends the next day as Jesse Tannehill blanks the White Sox, 3-0.
25 May 1901 - Ted Lewis throws a complete game shut out, the first in franchise history, as Boston wins 5-0 at Huntington Avenue Grounds in a snowstorm.
25 May 1965 - Backstop Gerry Moses, at the age of 18 years and 289 days, collects his first major league hit, a home run, to become the youngest Boston player to hit a round-tripper, while Boston is pounded by the Twins, 17-5.
25 May 1981 - Carl Yastrzemski plays in his 3,000th career game, all coming with Boston, and scores the winning run in an 8-7 win over Cleveland at Fenway Park.
25 May 1984 - Boston acquires Bill Buckner in a trade that sends Mike Brumley and future Hall-of-Famer Dennis Eckersley to the Chicago Cubs.
26 May 2010 - Third baseman Adrian Beltre goes 4-for-5 with a triple, two home runs, and 6 RBI in an 11-3 Red Sox win over the Rays in Tampa Bay.
26 May 2011 - Carl Crawford collects four hits for a second consecutive game in as the Red Sox thump the Tigers 14-1 in a game shortened to 7-1/2 innings due to rain.
26 May 2012 - Pinch hitter Jarrod Saltalamacchia hits a one-out, two-run home run into the Red Sox bullpen at Fenway Park for a walk-off 3-2 win over the Rays.
26 May 2014 - With a come-from-behind 8-6 win over the Braves in Atlanta, the Red Sox end a 10-game losing streak, the longest such stretch since losing 11 straight in 1994. The slide also included six losses to the Tigers and Blue Jays at Fenway Park, only the second time in team history that Boston had been winless in a homestand of at least six games.
27 May 2006 - Curt Schilling and the Red Sox beat the Devil Rays, 6-4, making the right-handed hurler the 104th player to amass 200 victories.
28 May 2000 - In a duel between two great pitchers, Pedro Martinez out-duels Roger Clemens 2-0 as both pitchers go the distance at Yankee Stadium. Trot Nixon accounts for the only runs with a ninth inning, two-out, two-run home run with Jeff Fyre at first.
28 May 2010 - Infielder Bill Hall pitches a 1-2-3 ninth for the Red Sox in a 12-5 loss against the Royals at Fenway Park. Five pitchers before Hall combine to allow 20 hits in the game for Kansas City.
29 May 1984 - The first two uniforms ever retired by the Red Sox are for former players Ted Williams (9) and Joe Cronin (4) during pre-game ceremonies in a contest eventually called off due to rain.