In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Wade Boggs
Years with Boston: 1982-1992
Position: Third Base
Fun Fact: As a rookie in 1982, Boggs so impressed the Boston organization (118 hits, .349 average) that they shipped Carney Lansford, who had won a batting title with the Red Sox in 1981, to Oakland and moved Boggs permanently to third base. ...more on Wade Boggs.
This Week in Red Sox History
5 October 1912 - Boston sets a club record with its 105th win of the season, blanking Philadelphia 5-0.
6 October 1962 - Retaining his general manager's post, Pinky Higgins steps down as Red Sox manager and names former Red Sox shortstop Johnny Pesky as the club's manager.
6 October 1995 - Cleveland defeats Boston 8-2 at Fenway Park to win the division series between the two teams. By losing all three games of the series, the Red Sox have lost 13 consecutive post-season games stretching back to the last two games of the 1986 World Series.
6 October 2003 - Boston completes the comeback from an 0-2 series deficit with a 4-3 win over Oakland in Game Five of the division series. Jason Varitek and Manny Ramirez both homer to score all four Boston runs and Derek Lowe comes from the bullpen to record the final three outs.
6 October 2008 - Red Sox shortstop Jed Lowrie's single drives home outfielder Jason Bay from second base to give Boston not only a walk-off 3-2 win against Los Angeles but a division series win, which advances them to the American League Championship Series for the second year in a row.
7 October 1911 - In the final game played at Huntington Avenue Grounds, Boston defeats Washington, 8-1; Sea Lion Hall earns the decision for the Red Sox.
7 October 1975 - The Red Sox wrap up the pennant with a 5-3 win over the Athletics in Oakland, winning the best-of-five ALCS three games to none.
7 October 2005 - Boston is swept from the post-season by Chicago as the Red Sox lose 5-3 at Fenway Park in Game Three of the division series. The White Sox go on to win the World Series for the first time in 88 years and lose just one game in the 2005 postseason.
8 October 2004 - David Ortiz takes the first pitch from Jarrod Washburn in the tenth inning and plants it into the Monster Seats at Fenway Park as Boston wins 8-6 over Anaheim and sweeps the best-of-five division series.
8 October 2013 - The Red Sox win 3-1 over the Rays at Tropicana Field to win the American League Division Series in four games. Rookie third baseman Xander Bogaerts walks twice and scores both times in the late innings, while Koji Uehara retires the final four batters for the save.
9 October 1988 - Oakland wins the American League pennant with a 4-1 win over Boston as the Athletics sweep the Red Sox in the ALCS, 4-0.
10 October 1904 - Boston clinches its second straight pennant with a 3-2 win over New York in the opening game of a double-header; however, there would be no World Series as the National League pennant-winning New York Giants refuse to play a "minor league" team for a world championship.
10 October 1990 - Oakland sweeps Boston out of the ALCS for the second time in three seasons, capping the series with a 3-1 win highlighted by Roger Clemens's ejection from the game for arguing balls and strikes.
10 October 1999 - The Red Sox embarrass the Indians 23-7 at Fenway Park as they rack up 24 hits, setting playoff records for the most hits and runs scored in a game; the 16-run margin also set a record. John Valentin leads the charge with four hits, including two home runs, and seven RBI.
11 October 1970 - Red Sox fan-favorite Tony Conigliaro is shipped to Angels in a six-player swap with California. His time with the Angels is short as he retires in mid-July the following season.
11 October 1999 - Boston becomes the first team to rally from an 0-2 division series deficit, winning 12-8 in Cleveland thanks to Troy O'Leary's two home runs and seven RBI; both home runs came after the Indians elected to walk Nomar Garciaparra to get to O'Leary. Pedro Martinez pitched the final six innings in relief, holding the opposition hitless and striking out eight.
11 October 2003 - The Yankees take Game Three of the 2003 American League Championship Series with a 4-3 win over the Red Sox at Fenway Park. The game is marked by a altercation between Pedro Martinez and former Sox skipper Don Zimmer as well as a fight in the bullpen between a groundskeeper and two Yankees players, Karim Garcia and Jeff Nelson.
11 October 2009 - The Angels win their first post-season series over the Red Sox with a three-game sweep in the ALDS. With a 6-4 lead in the ninth at Fenway Park, Boston closer Jonathan Papelbon allows three two-out runs and the Sox are unable to score off Brian Fuentes as Los Angeles exacts its revenge against a team that had beaten the franchise in four previous playoff series.