In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Luis Tiant
Years with Boston: 1971-1978
Fun Fact: In describing Tiant's unusual delivery style, in which he twisted away from the plate during his motion, his left knee nearly hitting him in the chin, before uncorking his pitch to the batter, Curt Gowdy once remarked: He comes everywhere except between his legs. ...more on Luis Tiant.
This Week in Red Sox History
2 December 1963 - Boston drafts 18-year-old shortstop and future outfielder Reggie Smith from Minnesota.
3 December 2007 - Former manager Dick Williams is elected to the Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee. Williams, who led the "Impossible Dream" Red Sox team of 1967 to the World Series, is one of only two skippers to lead three different clubs to the Fall Classic, the others being the 1972 and 1973 Athletics and the 1984 Padres.
4 December 2003 - Boston hires Terry Francona, owner of a .440 winning percentage as a major league baseball manager, to become the new skipper for the Red Sox.
6 December 1982 - With the emergence of Wade Boggs at third base, Boston sends 1981 American League batting champion Carney Lansford and two others to Oakland for outfielder Tony Armas and catcher Jeff Newman.
6 December 2010 - Boston trades first baseman Anthony Rizzo, right-handed pitcher Casey Kelly, and center fielder Rey Fuentes to San Diego in exchange for first baseman Adrian Gonzalez.
7 December 1937 - Boston acquires the future services of Ted Williams when they trade Dom Dallesandro, Al Niemiec, and cash to the San Diego Padres of the Pacific Coast League for the 19-year-old future Hall of Fame player.
7 December 1973 - The San Francisco Giants sell future Hall of Fame pitcher Juan Marichal to the Red Sox. The right-hander posts a 5-1 record during his brief tenure in Boston.