In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Carl Yastrzemski
Years with Boston: 1961-1983
Position: Left Field
Fun Fact: When Yastrzemski retired following the 1983 season, he finished with 3,308 games played for Boston, the most appearances by a player in a Red Sox uniform. He also finished with 13,991 plate appearances, also a Red Sox record. ...more on Carl Yastrzemski.
This Week in Red Sox History
20 October 2004 - Boston rebounds from an 0-3 series deficit and clobbers New York 10-3 at Yankee Stadium for the club's first pennant in 18 years. Johnny Damon hits two home runs, David Ortiz hits his third of the series, and Derek Lowe earns the win by allowing just one run on one hit in six innings of work. The Red Sox become the first team to ever rally from an 0-3 playoff series deficit in Major League Baseball history.
20 October 2011 - Red Sox designated hitter David Ortiz is named as the recepient of the 2011 Roberto Clemente Award in recognition for his David Ortiz Children's Fund, dedicated to raising funds to provide children access to critical pediatric care in the Dominican and the United States. His recognition comes one year after teammate Tim Wakefield is the first Red Sox player to receive the award.
21 October 1975 - Thanks to Bernie Carbo's three-run, pinch-hit home run in the late innings and Carlton Fisk's extra-inning long ball off the left field foul pole at Fenway Park, Boston wins a dramatic Game Six against Cincinnati, 6-5 in 12 innings.
21 October 2007 - Boston completes a comeback from a 3-1 American League Champion Series deficit with an 11-2 win over Cleveland, winning the AL pennant in seven games for the second time in four years. Pitcher Josh Beckett, who wins Games One and Five, is named series MVP.
21 October 2011 - Theo Epstein, after nine seasons with the Red Sox as general manager, resigns his position to become the President of Baseball Operations for the Chicago Cubs. Ben Cherington is eventually named the new Boston GM.
21 October 2012 - The Blues Jays and Red Sox complete a deal that allows John Farrell to leave his managerial position with Toronto to take the same position with Boston. Farrell had previously served as the Sox pitching coach between 2007 and 2010 before taking his job with the Jays. The deal also sends Mike Aviles to Toronto.
22 October 1975 - Despite holding a 3-0 lead early, Boston loses the seventh game of the 1975 World Series by a 4-3 margin as Cincinnati wins the title.
22 October 2013 - Red Sox manager John Farrell is named Sporting News' 2013 American League Manager of the Year, ahead of former Boston skipper Terry Francona, Ron Washington, and Bob Melvin. Farrell later finishes second to Francona in the baseball writer's vote.
23 October 2004 - Mark Bellhorn's two-run home run off the Pesky Pole in right field seals an 11-9 Red Sox win over the Cardinals in Game One of the World Series. St. Louis had come back from deficits of 7-2 and 9-7 thanks in part to four Boston errors, but the home team holds on to win.
23 October 2013 - The Red Sox win Game One of the World Series 8-1 over St. Louis at Fenway Park. Jon Lester blanks the Cardinals over 7-2/3 innings of work, while Mike Napoli provides all the necessary offense in the first with a bases-clearing double to the gap in left-center field.
24 October 1977 - Dick O'Connell, despite bringing baseball back to Boston with three 90-plus win seasons and 11 winning seasons in 12 years at the helm, is fired as general manager.
24 October 2004 - Boston wins Game Two of the 2004 World Series 6-2 over St. Louis at Fenway Park thanks to another surprising performance from starter Curt Schilling, who allows an unearned run in six innings of work with blood leeching through his sock from his reconstructed right ankle. Jason Varitek leads the offensive attack for the Red Sox with a two-run triple.
24 October 2013 - Boston's stretch of wins in consecutive World Series games ends at nine as the Cardinals double up on the Red Sox 4-2 at Fenway Park. Before tonight, the Sox had not lost since Game Seven of the 1986 World Series versus the Mets.
25 October 1986 - One out from what seemed like certain victory in Game Six of the World Series, Boston allows three runs in the bottom of the tenth at Shea Stadium in New York as the Mets win 6-5 to tie the series at three games. The winning run scores when a grounder down the first base line off the bat of Mookie Wilson dribbles through Bill Buckner's legs.
26 October 1934 - Tom Yawkey ships Lyn Lary and $225,000 to Washington for newlywed Joe Cronin, who had only married the adopted daughter of the Senators owner Clark Griffith.
26 October 1973 - Rick Wise and Bernie Carbo are acquired from the St. Louis Cardinals in exchange for Reggie Smith and Ken Tatum.
26 October 2004 - Pedro Martinez pitches seven strong innings, allowing just three hits, and Manny Ramirez homers and throws out a runner at home in the first as Boston wins 4-1 over St. Louis to put the Red Sox one win from a world championship for the first time since 1918.