In 1901, the only baseball organization that had sustained success in the United States was the National League. Founded in 1876, one of its charter franchises was the Boston Red Stockings from the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, or simply the National Association, which had won four of the league’s five championships. Other leagues, including the American Association and the Player’s League, had attempted to mirror the success but failed to break the monopoly held by the NL. Then Ban Johnson, the owner of a small but successful minor league system from the Midwest, decided to directly compete with the National League and turned his circuit into a major league unit. Originally, one of the eight charter franchises was supposed to be in Buffalo, where the minor league Bisons were already established, but league ownership at the last minute voted in favor of Boston over Buffalo in part to directly compete with its NL counterparts. The rest… is history.
Red Sox Legend - Bill Carrigan
Years with Boston: 1906-1916
Fun Fact: Carrigan and Terry Francona are the only two managers in franchise history to lead two Red Sox teams to World Championships, although Carrigan is the only one to have done it back-to-back (1915 and 1916). ...more on Bill Carrigan.
This Week in Red Sox History
18 August 1967 - Tony Conigliaro gets beaned by a pitch from Jack Hamilton of the Angels at Fenway Park, which knocks him out of baseball for the next year-plus.
19 August 1934 - Outfielder Moose Solters hits for the cycle in the opener of a doubleheader, hitting a grand slam in the ninth inning, but Boston loses 8-6 to the Tigers at Fenway Park.
19 August 1974 - Making his major league debut, Jim Rice goes 0-for-2 as the DH but drives in a run with a sacrifice fly in a 6-1 win over the White Sox at Fenway Park.
20 August 1967 - Reggie Smith becomes the first Red Sox player to hit home runs from both sides of the plate in a single game as Boston wins 12-2 in the opener of a doubleheader against the Angels at Fenway Park.
21 August 1975 - Tony Conigliaro's playing days come to an end as he retires from baseball for good.
21 August 1986 - Boston clobbers Cleveland 24-5 at Cleveland Stadium; the Red Sox score 12 runs in the sixth inning alone, with 11 of those coming with two outs.
21 August 2006 - New York beats Boston 2-1 at Fenway Park to sweep a five-game series, dropping the Red Sox 6-1/2 games behind the Yankees for first place in the American League East.
21 August 2010 - Jed Lowrie, brought in as a pinch hitter in the eighth, hits a solo home run in the bottom of the 11th inning at Fenway Park to give the Red Sox a 5-4 win over the Blue Jays.
23 August 1919 - Babe Ruth hits his fourth grand slam of the season, a Red Sox record to this day, but Boston loses 8-4 to Detroit at Navin Field.
24 August 1940 - Ted Williams is used as a pitcher for the only time in his career in a 10-1 loss to the Tigers in the opener of a double-header at Fenway Park.
24 August 2002 - Flying out to center field in the bottom of the sixth inning, Red Sox outfielder Manny Ramirez ends a streak of 14 consecutive at-bats in which he reaches base, which includes nine hits and five walks. Former Boston outfielder Ted Williams holds the major league record with 16.